Symptoms of diabetes: When your blood sugar rises, it triggers many physiological changes in the body. These symptoms are warnings, please consult your doctor
When blood sugar levels rise, it triggers a series of physiological changes in your body. If the increase is short lived, you probably won’t even notice it. But if your blood sugar rises dramatically over a period of days or weeks, or stays slightly elevated for a significant period of time, these symptoms are likely to be hard to ignore.
Even so, many people live with diabetes for weeks, months, or even years without knowing it. This is especially true for type 2 diabetes, whose symptoms tend to appear more gradually and are less noticeable at first. Even for me, despite all the symptoms, it took me six weeks to go to the doctor and be diagnosed with type 1.
Knowing the different symptoms of hyperglycemia and the physiological causes that cause them is the first step in understanding when to seek treatment.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a problem in which the amount of glucose in the blood is simply not controlled. The consultation will now be available. Do you think why it can’t be managed? In addition, what did the previously treated body contain? Come on, give us the answer to each of these questions.
In fact, inside our body there is a gland called the pancreas. It produces a hormone called insulin. This hormone works by controlling the amount of glucose in the blood that passes through our body.
But when the pancreas reduces or stops producing insulin, as a result of certain deficiencies, the amount of glucose in the blood begins to increase repeatedly and eventually leads to the type of diabetes.
It is the most well-known of all the symptoms of diabetes, but it can be easily ignored if you are worried.
When glucose gets stuck in the bloodstream, the kidneys have to work harder. Once blood sugar levels rise above levels that the kidneys can filter, excess glucose begins to pass through the urine, flushing out excess water.
Not only does this result in more trips to the bathroom during the day, but it also requires you to get up several times at night. If you don’t get up normally to urinate at night and it suddenly becomes a habit, this is a warning sign that you shouldn’t ignore. Likewise, if your child can usually cope through the night and suddenly starts having trouble urinating in bed, it’s time to talk to a doctor.
All of this excess water that is removed when glucose passes through the kidneys also causes your body to continue to dehydrate.
This insatiable thirst tends to come on quickly, and many diagnosed diabetics recognize this sensation as a sign that their blood sugar is higher than it should be. Unfortunately, few people without diabetes associate this symptom with the disease and it is often overlooked.
As if constant thirst wasn’t enough, many people with hyperglycemia also experience excessive hunger.
Normally, when you eat, glucose from food passes into the bloodstream and then into cells throughout the body. This glucose is used as energy for the functioning of your cells. But when you don’t have enough insulin to get glucose into your cells, your body starts to starve. Just like you would if you were starving, your cells send signals to the brain that they need food. Your brain, in turn, produces hunger hormones to increase appetite.
These hormones keep bombarding your system no matter how full your stomach is or how high your blood sugar is. The only cure is to bring blood sugar back to normal levels.
While constant hunger alone may be easy to explain, when combined with weight loss, the seriousness of the situation tends to be highlighted.
Since your cells cannot take in glucose for energy, they have to turn into fat. Fat is broken down into ketones which can be carried in the bloodstream and used for energy. While this is a normal process during healthy weight loss, during hunger ketone levels in the blood can become dangerously high and cause serious organ damage.
Nausea and vomiting
If there are enough concentrated ketones in your blood, you will start to suffer from ketoacidosis.
This acidic state causes stomach pain, nausea and vomiting. Depending on your blood sugar levels and how much fat your body can burn, you may only experience these extreme symptoms intermittently, although your blood sugar levels remain at consistently dangerous levels. Drinking alcohol, even in small amounts, can also increase the risk of vomiting if ketones are already present.
With excess ketones and hunger, the natural secondary symptom of fatigue appears.
When your cells run out of fat stores in your body and the glucose circulating in your blood stays out of your cells, you start to run out of energy. Your body will do all it can to reduce its energy consumption. If you suddenly feel very tired, start sleeping a lot more than usual, or have trouble maintaining your normal routine and have other symptoms on this list, it’s worth talking about. to a doctor.
Acetone is a type of ketone that your body produces.
This fragrant substance is the same chemical as nail polish remover. This ketone is often expelled through the air, causing the person to smell like alcohol. While not inherently dangerous, it is a sign that blood sugar levels may be higher than normal and should be taken seriously.
Change of vision
Another serious sign of prolonged or very high blood sugar is a change in vision.
As the blood sugar level rises, the excess fluid passes into the lens of the eye. This causes them to change shape, which in turn blurs their vision. You may even notice that your vision changes slightly during the day or overnight.
These frequent changes in vision are not typical of normal aging of the eyes and should be taken very seriously. If you feel that your vision suddenly worsens or fluctuates from day to day, do not go to the optometrist and see your doctor.
Yeast loves sugar. Therefore, it’s no surprise that high blood sugar levels allow your body’s natural yeast populations to grow uncontrollably.
Although these infections are more common in women, the yeasts live throughout the body, both in men and in women. High blood sugar can cause yeast to grow in the gut and on the skin. If you have yeast overgrowth in your digestive tract, you may experience stomach pain or even chapped lips that won’t heal or a white film on your tongue. Yeast infections on the skin usually occur in the folds of the skin and tend to become red and itchy.
Bottom line: listen to your body.
While it may seem like just one of these symptoms alone should sound the alarm bells, remember that they happen simultaneously for the rest of your life. It’s easy to ignore a bit of fatigue, excessive hunger, and some weight loss if you’re overly active or stressed out. And who has time to pay attention to how often they go to the bathroom when there are so many other things at work and at home?
But when it comes to diabetes, it’s worth taking a break if you seem to be suffering from any of these symptoms. A missed trip to the doctor is a small price to pay to avoid possible long-term damage to your body. Because if you wait too long, organ damage will be the least of your worries.